Chemistry 3 of 3
After each electron enters the cathode, it reacts with the manganese dioxide to form MnOO-. Then the MnOO- reacts with water in the electrolyte solution. The water splits, releasing hydroxide ions (OH-) and hydrogen ions (H+) that combine with MnOO- to form MnOOH. The hydroxide ions flow to the anode in the form of an ionic current.
There, they combine with unstable zinc ions which had given up their electrons to power the lightbulb. The reaction produces zinc oxide (ZnO) and water (H2O). The circuit is complete and everybody's happy.
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